Putting a label on someone: impact of schizophrenia stigma on emotional mimicry, liking, and interpersonal closeness - IMT Mines Alès Access content directly
Journal Articles Cognition and Emotion Year : 2024

Putting a label on someone: impact of schizophrenia stigma on emotional mimicry, liking, and interpersonal closeness

Abstract

Affiliation is both an antecedent and a consequence of emotional mimicry (i.e. imitating a counterpart’s emotional expression). Thus, interacting with a disliked partner can decrease emotional mimicry, which in turn can further decrease liking. This perpetuating circle has not been investigated in the context of mental health stigma yet. The present study tested the influence of the label “schizophrenia” on liking, interpersonal closeness, and emotional mimicry. In an online experiment (n = 201), participants recruited from the general population saw several videos of actors displaying emotional expressions. Actors were described with one of four labels: “schizophrenia”, “healthy”, “diabetes”, and a negative adjective (e.g. “hot-tempered”). Emotional mimicry was measured using OpenFace 2.2. Liking and interpersonal closeness were assessed with questionnaires. Overall, compared to other labels, participants reported less liking and interpersonal closeness to the actor with the schizophrenia label. However, no effect on emotional mimicry was found. The decreased liking of the schizophrenia actors was explained by a lack of knowledge about schizophrenia and the explicit stigma of schizophrenia. Our study contributes to the literature by highlighting the need to reduce the stigma of schizophrenia.
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Dates and versions

hal-04555090 , version 1 (22-04-2024)

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Mathilde Parisi, Stephane Raffard, Pierre Slangen, Till Kastendieck, Ursula Hess, et al.. Putting a label on someone: impact of schizophrenia stigma on emotional mimicry, liking, and interpersonal closeness. Cognition and Emotion, inPress, pp.1-17. ⟨10.1080/02699931.2024.2339531⟩. ⟨hal-04555090⟩
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